Last edited by Vugis
Saturday, July 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of On the electrification at the boundary between a liquid and a gas. found in the catalog.

On the electrification at the boundary between a liquid and a gas.

H. A. McTaggart

On the electrification at the boundary between a liquid and a gas.

by H. A. McTaggart

  • 225 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Toronto, 1922

The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19304237M

Liquid hydrocarbons, such as gasoline, are heavier-than-air, but other fuels, such as natural gas and hydrogen, are lighter-than-air. Service stations and repair shops for automobiles, buses, trucks, and tractors are included in the classified area, but facilities limited to repairing electric vehicles would not be included [See ]. The formation of a spherical droplet of liquid water minimizes the surface area, which is the natural result of surface tension in liquids.

Preface. Even if covid hadn’t driven down the price of oil and natural gas, shale “fracked” oil and gas were close to both geological and economic peaking. Although many will be happy when this destructive way of getting the oil Continue reading. Liquid: atoms/molecules move about, but are close together and bound by intermolecular forces. Hard to compress. Flows to fill a container. Gas: atoms/molecules fly about far apart from one another and do not experience intermolecular forces. Easy to compress. Flows to fill a container. Solid-liquid boundary: solid and liquid exist in equilibrium.

  Isotherms of carbon dioxide gas are shown in Fig. Mark a path for changing gas into liquid such that only one phase (i.e., either a gas or a liquid) exists at any time during the change. Explain how the temperature, volume and pressure should be changed to carry out the change.   "Electrification, you cannot stop it anymore — it's coming," says Elmer Kades, a managing director with the consulting firm AlixPartners. "We have fantastic growth rates, between .


Share this book
You might also like
path of output from plan to market

path of output from plan to market

The Dow theory

The Dow theory

Elementary linear algebra

Elementary linear algebra

Luftwaffe War Diaries

Luftwaffe War Diaries

Integrated Large Systems

Integrated Large Systems

Industry speaks to employment outlook

Industry speaks to employment outlook

The Leacock roundabout

The Leacock roundabout

Radio and television reporting

Radio and television reporting

private car

private car

Long summer shadows

Long summer shadows

travels of a fat bulldog

travels of a fat bulldog

Animal ecology in tropical Africa

Animal ecology in tropical Africa

Porn

Porn

faith that rebels

faith that rebels

The Middle East and the United States

The Middle East and the United States

Committee decisions with complementary valuation

Committee decisions with complementary valuation

On the electrification at the boundary between a liquid and a gas by H. A. McTaggart Download PDF EPUB FB2

Buy On the Electrification at the Boundary Between a Liquid and a Gas (Classic Reprint) on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders On the Electrification at the Boundary Between a Liquid and a Gas (Classic Reprint): McTaggart, Henry. Contact electrification between a liquid, such as water, and a solid insulating material has been applied to harvest energy from water [1] [2] [3][4][5][6].

A water droplet, which forms on a. The relations between C60 concentration and electrification current were determined for different rotational velocities.

charge that occur on a solid-body/liquid boundary interface. A distinct boundary between the more dense liquid and the less dense gas is clearly observed. As we increase the temperature, the pressure of the water vapor increases, as described by the liquid-gas curve in the phase diagram for water, and a two-phase equilibrium of liquid and gaseous phases remains.

At a temperature of °C, the vapor Author: OpenStax. A distinct boundary between the more dense liquid and the less dense gas is clearly observed. As we increase the temperature, the pressure of the water vapor increases, as described by the liquid-gas curve in the phase diagram for water (Figure \(\PageIndex{2}\)), and a two-phase equilibrium of liquid and gaseous phases remains.

The process of liquid slip on rough-walled hydrophobic surfaces with and without entrapped gas bubbles is modeled. Here, starting with the Navier–Stokes equations, a set of partial differential equ. three well-known phases: solid, liquid and vapour are shown as coloured areas.

A phase change occurs when a process crosses a boundary between areas - like evaporation or condensation for a process crossing the boundary between liquid and vapour phases. At the boundaries, the two phases exist in equilibrium, and properties. Sometimes, we encounter a boundary between two fluids.

A common example occurs when a liquid film flows down an inclined plane. The surface of the liquid film in contact with the surrounding gas is a fluidfluid interface. Other examples include the int- erface between a liquid.

Mass transfer in reactive and non-reactive multiphase systems is of vital importance in chemical, petrochemical, and biological engineering applications. In this chapter, theories and models of mass transfer in gas-liquid, gas-solid and gas-liquid-solid systems with and without chemical reactions are briefly reviewed.

Literature data on the mass transfer characteristics in multiphase reactors. GAS TRANSFER An important process used in water and wastewater treatment.

Also very important when analyzing the impact of pollutants on the environment, such as discharging partially treated wastewaters to the stream.

Gas/Liquid Interface Gas Liquid Gas transfer to the liquid is absorption Gas transfer to the gas phase is stripping or. Gas exchange is the physical process by which gases move passively by diffusion across a surface.

For example, this surface might be the air/water interface of a water body, the surface of a gas bubble in a liquid, a gas-permeable membrane, or a biological membrane that forms the boundary between an organism and its extracellular environment.

Gases are constantly consumed and produced by. Cryogenic-liquid-fueled rockets keep their propellants in insulated tanks are never completely filled to allow for expansion.

In micro-gravity conditions the cryogenic liquids are without a free surface existing in a slushy state between solid, liquid, and gas. In this mixed state, ullage gases may be sucked into the engines, which is undesirable, as it displaces useful propellant. Mass transfer by convection involves the transport of material between a boundary surface (such as solid or liquid surface) and a moving fluid or between two relatively immiscible, moving fluids.

Don’t confuse this phenomenon with the movement of mass caused by a chemical species simply being carried along in a fluid stream (advection).

In part (b) in Figure "Two Versions of the Phase Diagram of Water", point A is located at P = 1 atm and T = −°C, within the solid (ice) region of the phase diagram.

As the pressure increases to atm while the temperature remains the same, the line from point A crosses the ice/water boundary to point B, which lies in the liquid water region. The flow of dispersed gas bubbles in a viscous liquid can create a bubbly, slug bubble, or elongated bubble flow regime.

A slug bubble flow, characterized by bubble sizes equal to the hydraulic dia. Should there be intermeallic compound formation between the solid metal and the liquid metal, no embrittlement is observed. If the contact between the metal and the liquid metal is intervened by the presence of an oxide film or similar material, or by removal of the liquid metal after preliminary contact, LME does not take place.

However, it is possible to go from a gas to a liquid without crossing the boundary between the vapor and liquid phase using a supercritical fluid just by lowering the temperature of the liquid (Observe phase diagram below). Volatile liquids and solids, or liquids and solids with a high vapor pressure or low boiling point, are soluble in gas.

At the interface, phase equilibrium is assumed. Thus a solubility relationship like Henry's law for gas-liquid systems (H A = c A /p A), or a partition coefficient for liquid-liquid systems (P = c A /c A ′), can be lar diffusion occurs through the film of thickness δ with a driving force c Ai − c Ab, where c Ab is the bulk average concentration of A in the receiving fluid.

The motion of gas bubbles in liquid is highly relevant to heat and mass transfer in our daily lives. Here, Tripathi et te a bubble rising under gravity in three-dimensions and find sharp. The phase rule. The classification and limitations of phase changes are described by the phase rule, as proposed by the American chemist J.

Willard Gibbs in and based on a rigorous thermodynamic relationship. The phase rule is commonly given in the form P + F = C + 2.

The term P refers to the number of phases that are present within the system, and C is the minimum number of independent. The surface tension occurs between gas phase (G) to liquid phase (L) and also occurs between the solid (S) and the liquid phases as well as between the gas phase and the solid phase.

In Figureforces diagram is shown when control volume is chosen so that the masses of the solid, liquid, and gas can be ignored.

Regardless to the magnitude.Skip to Main Content.Plasma (from Ancient Greek πλάσμα, meaning 'moldable substance') is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the s.

It consists of a gas of ions – atoms which have some of their orbital electrons removed – and free electrons. Plasma can be artificially generated by heating a neutral gas or subjecting it to a strong.